stage 5: Mid Frisia
River Lauwers (NL) to River Ems (DE)
Length: 140 km (90 miles) in 6 stages
From the Lauwers river to the Ems river, marking the border of Groningen (the Netherlands) and Ostfriesland (Germany).
section 5.1: Zoutkamp - Saaxumhuizen (PM)
section 5.2: Saaxumhuizen - Warffum (PM)
section 5.3: Warffum - Uithuizen (PM)
section 5.4: Uithuizen- Delfzijl (PM)
section 5.5: Delfzijl - Termunten (PM)
section 5.6: Termunten - Nieuweschans (PM)
According to the early-medieval law code the Lex Frisionum (law of the Frisians) this area belonged to the sub-region East Frisia, the area 'inter Laubachi et Wisaram' (between Lauwers and Weser).
The coastal area of the present-day province Groningen, named the Ommelanden region used to be a salt-marsh area. This was part of the terp region stretching from the river Vlie to the river Weser in Germany, although in province Noord Holland in the Netherlands and in Nordfriesland (also North Frisia) in Germany also terp have been built. Terps (artificial dwelling mounds) are called wierde in the province Groningen.
At the coast the UNESCO protected Wadden Sea stretches from the Netherlands' north-coast along Germany to the southern tip of Denmark. The Wadden Sea is separated from the North Sea through a ridge of many islands.
Along the coast of the mainland salt-marshes still exist outside and unprotected by the high sea dykes.
The Ommelanden region, just like that of the coastal area of province Friesland (stage 4 of the Frisia Coast Trail), was in the Roman period the territory of the Frisii maiores (the major Frisians).
The Frisian language has disappeared for centuries and was replaced bij the Grunnings dialect of the Low-Saxon language.
For an impression of this stage, click here.